FMP Publications

Our publications are recorded in a searchable database since 2010, updates will be added regularly.

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The Clip-Segment of the von Willebrand Domain 1 of the BMP Modulator Protein Crossveinless 2 Is Preformed
Fiebig(*), J. E., Weidauer(*), S. E., Qiu(*), L. Y., Bauer(*), M., Schmieder, P., Beerbaum, M., Zhang(*), J. L., Oschkinat, H., Sebald(*), W.; Mueller(*), T. D.
Molecules, 18:11658-11682

Tags: NMR-Supported Structural Biology (Oschkinat), Solution NMR (Schmieder)

Abstract: Bone Morphogenetic Proteins (BMPs) are secreted protein hormones that act as morphogens and exert essential roles during embryonic development of tissues and organs. Signaling by BMPs occurs via hetero-oligomerization of two types of serine/threonine kinase transmembrane receptors. Due to the small number of available receptors for a large number of BMP ligands ligand-receptor promiscuity presents an evident problem requiring additional regulatory mechanisms for ligand-specific signaling. Such additional regulation is achieved through a plethora of extracellular antagonists, among them members of the Chordin superfamily, that modulate BMP signaling activity by binding. The key-element in Chordin-related antagonists for interacting with BMPs is the von Willebrand type C (VWC) module, which is a small domain of about 50 to 60 residues occurring in many different proteins. Although a structure of the VWC domain of the Chordin-member Crossveinless 2 (CV2) bound to BMP-2 has been determined by X-ray crystallography, the molecular mechanism by which the VWC domain binds BMPs has remained unclear. Here we present the NMR structure of the Danio rerio CV2 VWC1 domain in its unbound state showing that the key features for high affinity binding to BMP-2 is a pre-oriented peptide loop.

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus utilizes a clathrin- and early endosome-dependent entry pathway
Garrison(*), A. R., Radoshitzky(*), S. R., Kota(*), K. P., Pegoraro(*), G., Ruthel(*), G., Kuhn(*), J. H., Altamura(*), L. A., Kwilas(*), S. A., Bavari(*), S., Haucke, V.; Schmaljohn(*), C. S.
Virology, 444:45-54

Tags: Molecular Pharmacology and Cell Biology (Haucke)

Abstract: The early events in Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) have not been completely characterized. Earlier work indicated that CCHFV likely enters cells by clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME). Here we provide confirmatory evidence for CME entry by showing that CCHFV infection is inhibited in cells treated with Pitstop 2, a drug that specifically and reversibly interferes with the dynamics of clathrin-coated pits. Additionally, we show that CCHFV infection is inhibited by siRNA depletion of the clathrin pit associated protein AP-2. Following CME entry, we show that CCHFV has a pH-dependent entry step, with virus inactivation occurring at pH 6.0 and below. To more precisely define the endosomal trafficking of CCHFV, we show for the first time that overexpression of the dominant negative forms of Rab5 protein but not Rab7 protein inhibits CCHFV infection. These results indicate that CCHFV likely enters cells through the early endosomal compalunent. Published by Elsevier Inc.

Characterization of Cell-Penetrating Lipopeptide Micelles by Spectroscopic Methods
Gehne(*), S., Sydow, K., Dathe, M.; Kumke(*), M. U.
J Phys Chem B, 117:14215-14225

Tags: Peptide-Lipid-Interaction/ Peptide Transport (Dathe)

Abstract: The transport of bioactive compounds to the site of action is a great challenge. A promising approach to overcome application-related problems is the development of targeting colloidal transport systems, such as micelles which are equipped with uptake mediating moieties. Here, we investigated a set of novel lipopeptides which exhibit a surfactant-like structure due to attachment of two palmitoyl chains to the Nterminus of cationic or anionic amino acid sequences. We analyzed the association behavior of these lipopeptides by using 5(6)-carboxyfluorescein (CF)-labeled derivatives as a fluorescent probe and different spectroscopic methods such as fluorescence anisotropy and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS). The photophysical properties as well as the diffusion and rotational movements of the CF-labeled lipopeptides were exploited to determine the cmc and the size of the micelles consisting of lipopeptides. We could distinguish cationic and anionic lipopeptides by their association behavior and by studying the interactions with mouse brain capillary endothelial cells (b.end3). The cationic derivatives turned out to be very strong surfactants with a very low cmc in the micromolar range (0.5-14 mu M). The unique combination of micelle-forming property and cell-penetrating ability can pave the road for the development of a novel class of efficient drug carrier systems.

Combinatorial approach to drastically enhance the monoclonal antibody efficacy in targeted tumor therapy.
Gilabert-Oriol(*), R., Thakur(*), M., von Mallinckrodt(*), B., Hug(*), T., Wiesner, B., Eichhorst, J., Melzig(*), M. F., Fuchs(*), H.; Weng(*), A.
Mol Cancer Ther, 12

Tags: Cellular Imaging (Wiesner)

Modified Trastuzumab and Cetuximab Mediate Efficient Toxin Delivery While Retaining Antibody-Dependent Cell-Mediated Cytotoxicity in Target Cells
Gilabert-Oriol(*), R., Thakur(*), M., von Mallinckrodt(*), B., Hug(*), T., Wiesner, B., Eichhorst, J., Melzig(*), M. F., Fuchs(*), H.; Weng(*), A.
Mol Pharmaceut, 10:4347-4357

Tags: Cellular Imaging (Wiesner)

Abstract: Monoclonal antibody-based therapy is one of the most successful strategies for treatment of cancer. However, the insufficient cell killing activity of monoclonal antibodies limits their therapeutic potential. These limitations can be overcome by the application of immunotoxins, which consist of a monoclonal antibody that specifically delivers a toxin into the cancer cell. An ideal immunotoxin combines the functionality of the monoclonal antibody (antagonistic binding to targeted receptors and interaction with the innate immune system) with the cell-killing activity of the toxic moiety. In addition, it should be sensitive for certain triterpenoid saponins that are known to lead to a tremendous augmentation of the antitumoral efficacy of the immunotoxin. In this study, the monoclonal antibodies trastuzumab (Herceptin) and cetuximab (Erbitux) were conjugated via cleavable disulfide bonds to the plant derived toxin saporin. The ability of the modified tumor-specific therapeutic antibodies to deliver their toxic payload into the target cells was investigated by impedance-based real-time viability assays and confocal live cell imaging. We further provide evidence that the immunotoxins retained their ability to trigger antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity. They specifically bound to their target cell receptor, and their cell-killing activity was drastically augmented in the presence of triterpenoid saponins. Further mechanistic studies indicated a specific saponin-mediated endo/lysosomal release of the toxin moiety. These results open a promising avenue to overcome the present limitations of therapeutic antibodies and to achieve a higher antitumoral efficacy in cancer therapy.

Characterization of a chip-based bioreactor for three-dimensional cell cultivation via Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Gottwald(*), E., Kleintschek(*), T., Giselbrecht(*), S., Truckenmuller(*), R., Altmann(*), B., Worgull(*), M., Döpfert, J., Schad(*), L.; Heilmann(*), M.
Z Med Phys, 23:102-110

Tags: Molecular Imaging (Schröder)

Abstract: We describe the characterization of a chip-based platform (3(D)-KITChip) for the three-dimensional cultivation of cells under perfusion conditions via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Besides the chip, the microfluidic system is comprised of a bioreactor housing, a medium supply, a pump for generating active flow conditions as well as a gas mixing station. The closed circulation loop is ideally suited for a characterization via MRI since the small bioreactor setup with active perfusion, driven by the pump from outside the coils, not only is completely MRI-compatible but also can be transferred into the magnetic coil of an experimental animal scanner. We have found that the two halves of the chip inside the bioreactor are homogeneously perfused with cell culture medium both with and without cells inside the 3(D)-KITChip. In addition, the homogeneity of perfusion is nearly independent from the flow rates investigated in this study, and furthermore, the setup shows excellent washout characteristics after spiking with Gadolinium-DOTA which makes it an ideal candidate for drug screening purposes. We, therefore, conclude that the 3(D)-KITChip is well suited as a platform for high-density three-dimensional cell cultures, especially those requiring a defined medium flow and/or gas supply in a precisely controllable three dimensional environment, like stem cells.

Different intra- and intermolecular activation mechanisms at the human lutropin receptor: Lutropin induces only cis- and choriogonadotropin also trans-activation
Grzesik, P., Teichmann, A., Furkert, J., Rutz, C., Wiesner, B., Kleinau(*), G., Schülein, R., Gromoll(*), J.; Krause, G.
Exp Clin Endocr Diab, 121

Tags: Structural Bioinformatics and Protein Design (Krause, G.), Cellular Imaging (Wiesner), Protein Trafficking (Schülein)

Efficient alpha-helix induction in a linear peptide chain by N-capping with a bridged-tricyclic diproline analogue
Hack(*), V., Reuter(*), C., Opitz, R., Schmieder, P., Beyermann, M., Neudörfl(*), J. M., Kühne, R.; Schmalz(*), H. G.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, 52:9539-9543

Tags: Solution NMR (Schmieder), Peptide Synthesis (Beyermann), Computational Chemistry/Drug Design (Kühne)

Molecular sampling of the allosteric binding pocket of the TSH receptor provides discriminative pharmacophores for antagonist and agonists
Hoyer, I., Haas, A. K., Kreuchwig, A., Schülein, R.; Krause, G.
Biochem Soc Trans, 41:213-217

Tags: Structural Bioinformatics and Protein Design (Krause, G.), Protein Trafficking (Schülein)

Abstract: The TSHR (thyrotropin receptor) is activated endogenously by the large hormone thyrotropin and activated pathologically by auto-antibodies. Both activate and bind at the extracellular domain. Recently, SMLs (small-molecule ligands) have been identified, which bind in an allosteric binding pocket within the transmembrane domain. Modelling driven site-directed mutagenesis of amino acids lining this pocket led to the delineation of activation and inactivation sensitive residues. Modified residues showing CAMs (constitutively activating mutations) indicate signalling-sensitive positions and mark potential trigger points for agonists. Silencing mutations lead to an impairment of basal activity and mark contact points for antagonists. Mapping these residues on to a structural model of TSHR indicates locations where an SML may switch the receptor to an inactive or active conformation. In the present article, we report the effects of SMLs on these signalling-sensitive amino acids at the TSHR. Surprisingly, the antagonistic effect of SML compound 52 was reversed to an agonistic effect, when tested at the CAM Y667A. Switching agonism to antagonism and the reverse by changing either SMLs or residues covering the binding pocket provides detailed knowledge about discriminative pharmacophores. It prepares the basis for rational optimization of new high-affinity antagonists to interfere with the pathogenic activation of the TSHR.

Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry Reveals an Unexpected Coupling Product in the Copper-Promoted Synthesis of Pyrazoles
Hyvl(*), J., Agrawal, D., Pohl(*), R., Suri(*), M., Glorius(*), F.; Schröder(*), D.
Organometallics, 32:807-816

Tags: Chemical Biology II (Hackenberger)

Abstract: The reaction mechanism of the intermolecular oxidative formation of pyrazole 2 via a C-C/N-N bond-formation cascade of the enaminone 1 is investigated by means of ESI-MS. No direct reaction intermediates are observed; however, the formation of an unexpected imidazolid-3-one derivative X is observed that involves an oxidative dimerization of 1 in the presence of dioxygen. The derivative X is isolated and characterized by means of multidimensional H-1 and C-13 NMR spectroscopy.

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Leibniz-Forschungsinstitut für Molekulare Pharmakologie im Forschungsverbund Berlin e.V. (FMP)
Campus Berlin-Buch
Robert-Roessle-Str. 10
13125 Berlin, Germany
+4930 94793 - 100 
+4930 94793 - 109 (Fax)

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