FMP Publications

Our publications are recorded in a searchable database since 2010, updates will be added regularly.

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Specific binding of a mutated fragment of Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin to endothelial claudin-5 and its modulation of cerebral vascular permeability
Liao(*), Z., Yang(*), Z., Piontek, A., Eichner(*), M., Krause, G., Li(*), L., Piontek(*), J.; Zhang(*), J.
Neuroscience, 327:53-63

Tags: Structural Bioinformatics and Protein Design (Krause, G.)

Abstract: The vertebrate blood-brain barrier (BBB) creates an obstacle for central nervous system-related drug delivery. Claudin-5 (Cldn5), expressed in large quantities in BBB, plays a vital role in restricting BBB permeability. The C-terminal domain of Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin (cCPE) has been verified as binding to a subset of claudins (Cldns). The Cldn5-binding cCPE194-319 variant cCPEY306W/S313H was applied in this study to investigate its ability to modulate the permeability of zebrafish larval BBB. In vitro results showed that cCPEY306W/S313H is able to bind specifically to Cldn5 in murine brain vascular endothelial (bEnd.3) cells, and is transported along with Cldn5 from the cell membrane to the cytoplasm, which in turn results in a reduction in transendothelial electrical resistance (TEER). Conversely, this effect can be reversed by removal of cCPEY306W/S313H. In an in vivo experiment, this study estimates the capability of cCPEY306W/S313H to modulate Cldn5 using a rhodamine B-Dextran dye diffusion assay in zebrafish larval BBB. The results show that cCPEY306W/S313H co-localized with Cldn5 in zebrafish cerebral vascular cells and modulated BBB permeability, resulting in dye leakage. Taken together, this study suggests that cCPEY306W/S313H has the capability - both in vitro and in vivo - to modulate BBB permeability temporarily by specific binding to Cldn5.

A Stable Pyrophosphoserine Analog for Incorporation into Peptides and Proteins
Yates(*), L. M.; Fiedler, D.
ACS Chem Biol, 11:1066-1073

Tags: Chemical Biology I (Fiedler)

Abstract: Protein pyrophosphorylation is a covalent modification of proteins, mediated by the inositol pyrophosphate messengers. Although the inositol pyrophosphates have been linked to a range of cellular processes, the role of protein pyrophosphorylation remains minimally characterized in vivo. The inherent instability of the phosphoanhydride bond has hampered the development of useful bioanalytical techniques to interrogate this novel signaling mechanism. Here, we describe the preparation of a pyrophosphoserine analog containing a stable methylene-bisphosphonate group that is compatible with solid-phase peptide synthesis. The resulting peptides demonstrate enhanced stability in Eukaryotic cell lysates and mammalian plasma and display resistance toward chemical degradation, when compared to the corresponding pyrophosphopeptides. In addition, the peptides containing the stable pyrophosphoserine analog are highly compatible with common ligation methods, such as native chemical ligation, maleimide conjugation, and glutaraldehyde ligation. The bisphosphonate-containing peptides will, therefore, be well-suited for future pyrophosphoserine antibody generation and affinity capture of pyrophosphoprotein binding partners and provide a key entry point to study the regulatory role of protein pyrophosphorylation.

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Leibniz-Forschungsinstitut für Molekulare Pharmakologie im Forschungsverbund Berlin e.V. (FMP)
Campus Berlin-Buch
Robert-Roessle-Str. 10
13125 Berlin, Germany
+4930 94793 - 100 
+4930 94793 - 109 (Fax)

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